South China, yabbies are on the move

Yabbies are on the move Yabby caught in the Naracoorte creek. Did you know a yabby’s colour has nothing to do with its age or breeding?
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Oliver Barr shows how to relax a yabby at a Naracoorte junior fishing competition.

TweetFacebookYabbies are on the move in big numbers in the in theLimestone Coastregion ofSouth .

Cockatoo Lake, Naracoorte Creek and Edenhope’s Lake Wallace are just a few of the spots where enthusiasts are reporting large hauls, but as the weather continues to warm up there will no doubt be many more.

With yabbying season upon us, let’s get the facts straight and dispel a few myths:

Yabbies are not a protected species and can be kept as pets.Yabbies “moult” several times during their lifespan, shedding their old shell to allow them to expand in size. The colour of thenew shell reflects the quality of the water the shell develops in.Yabbies come in a range of different colours, and despite some people thinking the darker they are, the older they are, that’s not true. Thoseliving in clean, clear water will be bluer or greenish to match their surroundings, while those living in muddy or dirty waters are a brownish or darker color.A female can lay anywhere from 100 to 1000 eggs at once. She carries those eggs under her curved tail for up to 40 days.Yabbies are detritivores, meaning scavengers.They’ll eat anything and everything they find, including dead animals, dead plants, decomposing algae and anything else they find at the bottom of the waterway.The perfect bait? There are many options, from liver, chicken necks and fresh fish, to vegetablesand even soap. Raw meat is the bait of choice for most people.The jury is still out on the debate about whether the yabbies actually eat the bait offered, or they are attempting to remove it from their area. Most commentators believe they eat it, but some stand by their claim that yabbies are clean freaks who don’t want smelly material in their living area.The basic rule is that yabbies can be caught in any month which has an “r” (September-April), but they may also be present in the months before and after this period.Yabbies are happier and reproduce better in warmer water during summer months, but they can survive in very cold water. When the temperature gets below a certain point, they go into semi-hibernation.Yabbies occasionally reach up to30cm(12 inches) in length, but are more commonly 10-20 cm(4-8 inches) long.To cook yabbies, drop them in a pot of boiling water and leave them for 5-7 minutes or until they turn orange and float. Put them on ice to cool, peel and eat.Primary Industries and Regions SA has issued the following guidelines regarding fishing limits:

There is no size limitPersonal daily bag limit is 200Daily boat limit when 3 or more people are on board is 600Restrictions – Female yabbies carrying eggs are totally protected and must be returned to the water immediately.More details: here

HAVE A BRAG: If you have a yabbying spot that never misses, don’t be afraid to comment on the Naracoorte Herald Facebook pagehere

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Carer killed trying to save autistic boy in M1 Motorway horror

A pregnant carer ran into the path of a truck in a bid to save the life of an eight-year-old autistic boy who had jumped out of their car and raced across the M1 Motorway.
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The Cooranbong woman, 27, and the boy were killed instantly when the truck hit them in the southbound lanes on one of the nation’s busiest roads about 5.30pm on Sunday.

It is unclear why the woman stopped in a breakdown lane of the M1 Motorway at Cameron Park, although it is believed the boy had a history of attempting to flee moving vehicles.

Emergency services at the scene of a fatal accident on the M1 Motorway at Cameron Park, between George Booth Drive and Link Road. Photo: Max Mason-Hubers

“What we do know yesterday was that a Tarago van was travelling south on the M1 at Cameron Park. They pulled into a breakdown bay,” Traffic and Highway Patrol acting Assistant Commissioner Stuart Smith said on Monday.

“The driver got out of the vehicle and opened the side door.

“At that stage, we believe an eight-year-old child has entered the roadway followed by a 27-year-old carer.

“Obviously both were killed, we believe instantly, when a pantech truck travelling south collided with both of those individuals.”

Police were still contacting relatives of the dead woman on Monday afternoon.

The boy is believed to be a ward of the state and cannot be identified.

A Family and Community Services spokeswoman released a short statement, which read: “The death of any child is a tragedy. The Department of Family and Community Services (FACS) was deeply saddened to hear about the death of a young boy and (the) woman near Newcastle on Sunday.

“As this is currently a police investigation, FACS is unable to comment further.”

The truck driver, a 57-year-old man, was severely shaken by the incident and was taken to John Hunter Hospital suffering shock.

He would also undertake mandatory blood and urine testing.

The welfare of emergency services personnel who attended the scene is also being closely monitored because of the tragic circumstances.

There were nine deaths across NSW roads on the weekend, including a second double fatality near Deniliquin on Saturday night where two men were killed when a utility rolled.

“The weekend has been an absolute tragedy on NSW roads,” Mr Smith said. “A tragedy is probably an understatement. We had nine deaths.”

He later added: “It is a tragic day for emergency services, but the nine deaths on the weekend would be affecting hundreds more.”

“There would be families who are grieving today. All of the investigations are underway and it’s critical we get to the bottom of them.”

How to tackle the habit of chronic tardiness

Do you pull this face multiple times a day? Photo: ShutterstockTime is a scarce resource: you can always make more money, but you can’t make more time. It makes sense to use it efficiently, and one way to do this is to break the habit of chronic lateness. According to Dr Linda Sapadin, a US psychologist specialising in time management, there are four types of personalities especially prone to being chronically late: the Perfectionist, the Crisis Maker, the Defier and the Dreamer.
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The PerfectionistPerfectionists simply can’t leave home until the dishwasher is packed and set running. Furthermore, everything else has to be perfect, including their appearance and the project they’re presenting. Unfortunately, they don’t realise that being late for the meeting rules out the possibility of a perfect presentation.

The fix: They need to learn to see the big picture, and to realise that small details can be left till later. They can try to leave the dishwasher unstacked, and arrive early enough to set up the presentation before people come into the meeting room.

The Crisis MakerCrisis Makers might not want to be always late, but the pressure and the adrenalin rush gives them a nice thrill that they keep chasing. They can’t start on something until just before the deadline, because they think they can’t function well unless they’re fully hyped up. These people actually prefer to be desperately rushing to get to their next appointment than to stroll calmly into the building five to 10 minutes early.

The fix: They’d be better off getting their adrenalin from physical activities, not the terror of an approaching deadline. That is, thrill-seek on their own time, not on other people’s.

The Defier​Defiers feel they have to stand up against the broad authority of our existing societal constructs that tell us what to do, and when to do it. An “easy” way to Fight the Man: being late.

The fix: This person needs to realise that they are always reacting to what they see as the oppressive forces of society. Instead, they could “act” rather than “react”. They could face society on their terms, not society’s terms. And part of that would be to unnerve the Oppressors of the Honest HardWorking Proletariat by being fully prepared, even on time.

The DreamerDreamers live in a different reality. They are bizarrely confident that they can have a shower, pack all their luggage, take the elevator downstairs, wait in the queue at reception, check out of the hotel and get a taxi to the airport in a total of 10 minutes. They “see” travel times as really short and imagine that it’s perfectly reasonable to fit five jobs into a five-minute window.

The fix: Travel apps on a smartphone often help. If these people can see the reality of the situation on the screen (31 minutes to the airport, not 10), they can reset their schedules.

Learning from your latenessOn average, the “chronically late” will underestimate how long tasks or events take by about 40 per cent. Some people need to relearn how to judge the time. On each occasion you are late, take the time to work out why this happened. One tactic is to find the “pain points” when you are late, and pick on just one of them. For example, a bus trip might take 30 minutes – but your waiting time for the bus could be 10 minutes. So allow 50 minutes (not the optimistic 40 minutes or the irrational 30) for the whole journey.

Start small, succeed with that one pain point, and repeat over and over to lock it in. Then add a new pain point. You’ll start getting positive feedback, such as having the time to gather your thoughts and analyse situations. You might even arrive at the party before all the food has been eaten! You’ve spent decades locking in the habits of lateness. It will take months (not days) to quell them. But it’s never too late…

Edited extract fromKarl, the Universe and Everythingby Dr Karl Kruszelnicki (Macmillan ).How to turn into an early bird• Wear an old-school wristwatch instead of relying on a distracting smartphone.

• Avoid split-second timing; arrive early and bring a book to read while you wait.

• Write down daily plans to get an overview of your time.

Melbourne Cup: Track bias big worry for Red Cardinal owner

Kerrin McEvoy rides Red Cardinal in trackwork at Werribee. Picture: Joe Armao
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A potential trackbias in favour of leaders and inside, on-pace runners could play a major role in deciding the Melbourne Cup, according to a Hunter connectionof Red Cardinal and Big Duke.

Flemington, rated a Good 3 on Monday,raced with the rail in the true positionlast Saturdayfor the first time since September 16 and runners on the fresher, inside section thrived.n Bloodstock director and form analyst Luke Murrell believesthe likes ofRed Cardinal, which will start from barrier 23, and favourite Almandin (gate 14) could struggle.

“My biggest concern from a Red Cardinal point of view is the track has been quite hard, and while he’ll handle a firm track, we saw on Saturday that the leaders and those up on the fence near the pacewere winning,” Murrell said.“I just hope we get a bit of a fairer track so the best horses can all have their equal chance.

“If the track plays like that, it will certainly suit Big Duke [barrier five] but not those horses out the back.

“Horses like the favourite, Almandin, he will be back worse than midfield and he’ll be no chanceif the track doesn’t start to fair up.”

He believed the surface four horses wide on the inside section was “not as chopped up” on Saturday and a strong headwind down the straightalso hurt the chances of horses trying to run on down the outside.

Murrell’s other runner on Tuesday isArticus, which will contest race eight, a$150,000 event over 1800m.

“Hewill be 100-1 butI think he will run really well,” Murrellsaid.“He’s only won one race in for us but if he runs anywhere near that, he’ll win that race.”

n Bloodstock won the 2014 Melbourne Cup with Protectionist.

Taxpayers should fund multi-million dollar political campaigns, Senate hears

The n public’s distrust of political donations means federal election campaigns worth up to $60 million will soon be fully funded by taxpayers, a senate inquiry has heard.
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Ian Smith, a leading business lobbyist, conceded the only way to remove the negative views on political donations was to remove them from the political landscape completely.

“There is an inexorable move towards full public funding,” he said in Canberra on Monday.

“What is the public prepared to pay when it comes to funding the full cost of elections? Ultimately we are moving to a situation where that is going to be the only way to remove the negative views.”

The 2013 election cost up to $200 million to run, according to the n Electoral Commission, while the 2016 election figures are yet to be released, based on previously available data the total campaign bill for the Labor and Liberal parties would have exceeded $60 million. Half of that was spent on advertising.

Both major parties have relied on donations to fund their campaigns, arguing this helps save taxpayer dollars, but the inquiry was called following growing concerns over the effects of big business donations on mining, alcohol and gambling policies and a series of scandals linked to wealthy Chinese donors.

Mr Smith, the managing director of lobbying firm Bespoke, acknowledged that in days past company profits “had been the motive of business donations”, but business was now aware it had to take a broader role in society.

“There seems to be a focus on business, but similar questions need to be asked of unions and non-government organisations,” he said.

The senate committee heard up to 50 per cent of political donations to the Labor party and 66 per cent of political donations to the Coalition remain undisclosed, with opaque regulations facilitating a regime “that is failing us”, and a “system that is broken”, according to former Howard government adviser and UNSW lecturer Belinda Edwards.

“It’s occurring entirely behind closed dorrs and out of public view,” she said. “The risk of corruption in such opaque circumstances are extremely high.”

Dr Edwards called for wholesale reform of the disclosure system that would allow thousands of lines of data to be sorted in a meaningful way.

“We need to be able to see trend the data across jurisdictions and years,” she said.

According to a report presented at the inquiry by left-wing activist group GetUp!, 18 businesss groups including the n Bankers Association and the Business Council of , spent $1.9 billion in the past three years on lobbying.

The report details the total revenue figures of the organisations and goes well beyond the cost of donations.

“Corporations are pumping billions into the hidden machinery of political influencing,” national director Paul Oosting said.

The Foundation for Alcohol and Health Research gave evidence the alcohol lobby was among the most prolific donors in the country.

A report from the group found three multimillion-dollar donation pushes to state and federal governments at the same time as alcohol-related legislation was being debated over the past two decades.

“It is no secret that the alcohol industry’s profitability is dependent on selling consumers more alcohol,” said chief executive Michael Thorn.

“It’s also well understood that alcohol harm is directly associated with the amount of alcohol consumed, it is this conflict that makes alcohol industry involvement and influence in the political process so dangerous.”

Melbourne Cup 2017: The race that stops … the office

Then Prime Minister John Howard and some of his Canberra staff watch the Melbourne Cup race on television in 2003. Picture: Andrew Taylor’s biggest horse race has nearly arrivedagain.
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“The race that stops a nation”, the Melbourne Cup, will be held on Tuesday, November 7.

More than 95,000 people are expected to gather at Flemington Racecourse for the annual event.

Across , six million people are expected to tune in to watch the race on television or via streaming online.

Many of these viewers will be huddled together around the office TV.

As the clock ticks down to Tuesday’s 3pm race, we ask the crucial question –is there an office etiquette to watching the Melbourne Cup?

Punters watch the Melbourne Cup on television screens at Randwick Racecourse in 1970. Picture: Brannan

The TV set upOkay, this seems like an obvious one.

Most offices will have a television, whether it be in the kitchen or board room.

Do you have a big enough screen for a large group of people to watch at the same time?

No, you don’t need an IMAX screen set up.

But the last thing you want is people crowded around a television that appears to have emerged from the 1950s (see below).

No matter what thescreen size, be conscious of other people around.

The ultimate faux pas isblocking someone’s view by standing too close to the TV. It also might be best to keep your secret ambitions of jockey stardom to yourself during that all-important three minutes.

An original 1956 AWA television. Picture: Scott McNaughton

Office sweepstakesA traditional social aspect on Melbourne Cup is the office sweepstakes.

A sweep involves several people (often the whole office) purchasinga set of tickets.

Each ticket represents a horseandtickets are usually given out randomly.

Prizes are traditionally given to first, second, third and sometimes fourth place. But stay around until the end, as you could even get your money back if your horse finishes last!

And in case you were worried, there is nothing illegal about running office sweepstakes.

Nibbles and drinksA great way to complement the racing action on Melbourne Cup Day is to have an impressive spread of food and drinks.

Arguably, the ideal catering method is finger food.

These meals are often easy to make (or pre-made) and it also means no washing up afterwards –double win!

Other winners include a cheese platter, biscuits and dip(don’t double dip!), some potato chips and lollies.

In terms of drinks,some people traditionally enjoy a glass of champagne or beer.

We recommend being careful on how many drinks you enjoy on the day.

Ilona Watkins and Ellie Harris enjoy a glass of champagne trackside. Picture: Amy Paton

What to wearFashionis something that is closely affiliated with Melbourne Cup Day.

One of the highlights at Flemington Racecourse is the annual Fashions on the Field competition.

Back in the office, men and women often take up the opportunity to dress up for the day.

Traditional dress wear for women include a dress, high heels and a fascinator. When in doubt, as one fashionista shared earlier this week, “bung on a hat”.

For the men, the suit and tie look is often the best option.

A Fashions on the Field ambassador at the Melbourne Cup parade on Monday. Picture: Julian Smith/AAP Image

What to doNow that you have read our comprehensive how-to guide, don’t forget the most important aspect of the day –have fun!

To get yourself in the groove for Tuesday’s event, sit back and relive Almandin winning the 2016 Melbourne Cup race.

READ MORE:Everything you need to know about the 2017 Melbourne CupMelbourne Cup 2017: The street paradeThe ultimate Melbourne Cup quiz

Malcolm Turnbull announces new Parliament disclosure measures

All federal politicians will be required to publicly detail their citizenship history and status under new Turnbull government transparency measures designed to end the crisis that has rocked federal Parliament.
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Finally moving to address the issue, Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull announced MPs will be required to provide a statement to Parliament’s registrar of interests that outlines all relevant information about where they were born, where their parents were born and what steps they took to renounce any foreign ties.

All that information will then be available for public and media scrutiny, under the plan ticked off by cabinet on Monday. It will be a system similar to that which MPs use to disclose financial interests such as houses and shares.

Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull announces the new plan. Photo: Andrew Meares

People will be asked to provide “evidence” of their renunciation if they did have a claim to another citizenship.

The plan will require both the House of Representatives and the Senate to pass a motion to implement the new rules. If both chambers do so this month the new system will be in place before Christmas.

“What we have seen is a legitimate concern that there is a insufficient transparency about this matter,” Mr Turnbull said.

But Mr Turnbull emphasised “this is not an audit”.

“As I have said repeatedly over recent times every member of the house and every member of the Senate has a personal obligation to ensure that they are in compliance with the constitution. If they have reason to believe that they are not, then they should say so and take the appropriate action,” he said.

Mr Turnbull will put the plan to Opposition Leader Bill Shorten later on Monday and meet with him to settle details later in the week.

However the disclosures will not have legal force – like a statutory declaration – and will instead be governed by parliament’s privileges system. Under that system, false statements can be judged to be contempt.

Asked if he was confident he would not lose any more Coalition MPs to citizenship issues, Mr Turnbull said: “The federal director has told me that all of the Liberal Party members believe that they are in compliance with the constitution.”

MPs would not be required to detail their grandparent’s citizenship history, even though that can confer citizenship by descent.

This year’s Supercars championship has all the elements of a cracking season finish at the Newcastle 500.

FULL THROTTLE: Mark Winterbottom, Chaz Mostert and Jamie Whincup are among the V8 Supercar big guns heading to Newcastle for the series finale. A tiny points gap, two in-form drivers and a brand new street circuit – this year’s Supercars championship has all the elements of a cracking season finish.
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Holden’s six-time champion Jamie Whincup will head to the season-ending Newcastle 500 with a 30-point lead over New Zealand young gun Scott McLaughlin.

The inaugural Newcastle 500, which will decide this year’s title, will be contected betweenNovember 24 and26.

Whincup and McLaughlin were basically inseparable in the Auckland SuperSprint event at Pukekohe Park Raceway.

McLaughlin finished third to Whincup’s fourth in Saturday’s race before the Red Bull Holden Racing Team star held off his DJR Team Penske rival on Sunday to end the weekend with a vital race win.

Neither driver knows what to expect at the inaugural Newcastle event, beyond the fact that it’s a level playing field for the entire grid.

“No-one’s got any data or any knowledge from years before,” Whincup said.

“You just go there, work with your team and do the best job you can. It’s going to be on. It’s going to be hard work for all involved but rewarding for the person that gets the ultimate prize.”

McLaughlin, who led the championship standings until a failure to finish this year’s Bathurst 1000, says he is excited about the double unknown of racing for a Supercars’ title and the 2.6km Newcastle circuit.

“It brings it back to the old go-karting days when you didn’t have any data and you just tried to learn the track by yourself,” the 24-year-old said. “I’m excited. It’s going to be a lot of fun and looking at the layout it’s something we’ve never seen before at a street circuit. On the beach and, yeah, pretty awesome, looking forward to it.”

Any hopes thatHolden’s Shane Van Gisbergen would be in contention crashed at his hometown circuit in New Zealand. Van Gisbergen appeared to enter pitlane too fast and speared into the back of Tim Slade’s Holden on the 23rd lap of the 70-lap race.

Van Gisbergen’s 24th-place finish won’t be enough to keep him in the championship hunt, as he is 276 points behindWhincup.

“We’ll see how we go at Newcastle,” Van Gisbergen told Fox Sports.

“I’ve got the best team in pitlane. The way they turned it around, the car was safe, went back out there and in the amount of time managed to get some points.

“Sorry to them and sorry to everyone on the hill – let them down – but gave it a good crack.”

From death’s door to being the eyes of a nation on Cup day

Wizard of Odds: Live Odds, Form and Alerts for all Racing
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It was a call that Matthew Hill sort of remembers from 2008, not of a race or a football game, but from his mother saying, “I love you and I hope to see you again”.

Hill was surrounded by n Olympic team doctors and concerned colleagues from radio station 2GB as he lay semi-conscious in a hospital bed in Beijing.

He was struck down by melioidosis, the survival rate was no better than 10 per cent – much worse if he stayed in China.

“I remember having the n team doctors there, Ray Hadley had got them in, and before they put me into a coma, they gave me the phone and said your mum wants to tell you she loves you,” Hill recalled. “She said ‘I love you and I hope to see you again’ before they put me out.

“I didn’t know that she had just been told if I survived the flight to Hong Kong, I might live.”

It’s that day in Beijing that defines Hill’s life. He made it to Hong Kong and within a month was back in having beaten the odds.

Calling the Melbourne Cup is, like everything else that has happened since, a bonus.

Hill, 36, will follow a grand tradition of race callers as he will be the eyes of the nation calling his first Melbourne Cup on Tuesday, a highlight of any career.

A dream result for a boy who wanted to be a race caller from his teens and a sports broadcaster.

But he admits he wouldn’t be at Flemington without finding answers about Beijing.

“It is something you dream of [the Melbourne Cup], but I dreamt of the Olympics as well and it took me a while to get over what happened in Beijing,” Hill said.

“Not health-wise, not that it wasn’t bad, but just not being able to call an Olympics.

“When I was back in Hong Kong, I had been intubated and couldn’t talk. I had to write notes and kept asking Dad about the Olympics and he just told me I was lucky to be here.

“I couldn’t understand it and I actually went to a sports psychiatrist for six months and got back to the Olympics in London [2012].

“Calling the Melbourne Cup is a dream but it is what I do and there are nerves but I’m coping with it pretty naturally.”

Hill has always looked forward to Melbourne Cup because it is an opportunity.

“When you are a kid it’s the day you get a chance in a box somewhere,” he said. “I have called Mildura, Kembla, Muswellbrook and Randwick on Cup day – I think I did a dog meeting one year – so you only see the Cup on television and I would think it would be great to be there.

“Not really for the calling of the race, that was for my dreams.

“I have done a couple of years at Flemington for the ABC but never called a Cup before.

“You look at the great race callers and sports broadcasters that have called the Melbourne Cup, it is definitely the pinnacle.

“It is an achievement.”

Hill is aware of the responsibility on his shoulders from about 3pm on Tuesday.

“You just have to look at who has done it before me – Ray Warren and Bruce McAvaney, both called Melbourne Cups, Greg Miles and Bill Collins have set the standard,” Hill said.

“There is a great history of callers who have done this before me. I know I’ll be nervous close to the race because of what it is.

“You can call 1000 races during the year but if you stuff up the last 15 seconds of the Melbourne Cup that’s all people will remember forever.”

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Queensland nurse went to work five times over the limit

A Queensland nurse who went to work five times over the legal alcohol limit has been fined $2000 for professional misconduct.
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Joanne Elizabeth Chambers scrubbed up to enter a Queensland hospital theatre room on the morning of March 2, 2015 when the anaesthetist commented Ms Chambers “appeared drunk”, according to Queensland Civil and Administrative Tribunal documents.

The registered nurse left the theatre and was found 20 minutes later by a hospital staff member who said her pupils were dilated and she was being “loud and abusive”.

The nurse pleaded guilty to driving under the influence of liquor and for assault or obstruct a police officer in a public place while adverselyaffected by an intoxicating substance. Photo: Louie Douvis

Police were called to the hospital and were told by Ms Chambers she had drunk alcohol the night before but had finished at 2am, according to court documents.

Ms Chambers was taken to the local police station where it was found she had a blood alcohol reading of 0.256.

She was arrested and on March 19 had a meeting with hospital representatives where she said she was sorry, felt humiliated and explained she was having issues at home, according to court documents.

The following day her employment was terminated and on April 10 she pleaded guilty to two charges – driving under influence and assault or obstruct a police officer in a public place while adversely affected by an intoxicating substance.

Her legal representative submitted she was diagnosed with postnatal depression after she took maternity leave in 2012, had received medication for anxiety, panic attacks, depression and stress-related alcohol abuse.

She was convicted and fined $1800, disqualified from driving and sentenced without recording conviction to 60 hours of community service. She did not tell the national registration board of the outcome.

According to a QCAT decision handed down last week, Ms Chambers was ordered to pay $2000 for failing to notify the National Board of her convictions.

Acting Deputy President Kerrie O’Callaghan noted Ms Chambers had demonstrated remorse and was taking part in rehabilitation treatment.

“Ms Chambers has been fortunate to have found employment with a supportive organisation where she has been able to rehabilitate whilst given the opportunity to continue to work as a nurse and maintain her skills,” she said.

“It is appropriate in all those circumstances that that situation not be interrupted.”